7 Common Indictable Offenses in Canada

Canadian law has two types of crimes: indictable offenses and summary conviction offenses. Indictable offenses are serious and have significant penalties. This article talks about seven common serious offenses in Canada. It explains what they are and the serious consequences they can have.

Defining Indictable Offenses

Serious crimes, called indictable offenses, start with a formal accusation called an indictment.  Serious offenses can lead to harsher punishments. If you’re not sure or you’re in a tough spot legally, ask a criminal lawyer for help. Get help and some questions to ask a criminal lawyer.

Here are the 7 common indictable offenses in Canada.

1. Murder

It happens when anyone makes someone else lose their life. There are different kinds, like first-degree, second-degree, and manslaughter. If someone is found guilty of murder, they could end up spending their whole life in prison.   

2. Breaking and Entry

In Canada, breaking into someone’s home is a big crime, and it’s called an indictable offense. This means it’s considered very serious. It shows that it can cause much harm, invade privacy, and put people in danger. If someone is guilty, they can face harsh punishments like long prison sentences. 

3. Robbery

Robbery is taking things with force or threats, and understanding what robbery is matters. Punishments for robbery can mean a long time in jail. This is important for fairness to both victims and those accused.

4. Drug Trafficking 

Now, let’s talk about drug trafficking, which is a serious issue with significant consequences. Drug trafficking involves a range of offenses.  These are such as possessing, growing, importing, and distributing drugs. The results of participating in these activities can be severe. Some include imprisonment and hefty financial penalties.

5. Treason

Treason, a serious crime, is a big threat to national security. Doing things like aiding an enemy of Canada can result in life imprisonment. The fact that treason is treated so seriously shows how important it is for law enforcement to keep the country safe.

6. Sexual Assault 

 Sexual assault is a serious crime. It involves doing unwanted sexual things to someone. If someone is guilty, they might go to jail for a long time.  Knowing how bad sexual assault is helps make society safer and ensures justice for survivors.

7. Assault 

Assault covers actions that make people afraid of getting hurt. If you use a weapon or cause physical harm, the charges get more serious. If you’re convicted of assault, the consequences depend on the seriousness of the offense. You can get fined or get a jail term. 

Other Indictable Offenses

Acknowledging other common indictable offenses, such as fraud, arson, and assault with a weapon, is essential. These offenses contribute to the complexity of Canada’s legal landscape.


In conclusion, awareness of common indictable offenses is fundamental for all Canadians. If faced with charges related to indictable crimes, seeking legal counsel is not just a right. It is one way to get help and justice. Understanding the legal intricacies is the first line of defense. It will help you protect yourself against the potential consequences of these serious crimes.